As the end of the year approaches, many are looking for ways to reduce their business profits before year’s end. Here are some possible moves that might apply to your situation.
Self-employed Retirement Plans - If you are self-employed and haven't done so yet, you may wish to establish a self-employed retirement plan. Certain types of plans must be established before the end of the year to make you eligible to deduct contributions made to the plan for 2012, even if the contributions aren’t made until 2013. You may also qualify for the pension start-up credit.
Increase Basis - If you own an interest in a partnership or S corporation that is going to show a loss in 2012, you may need to increase your basis in the entity so you can deduct the loss, which is limited to your basis in the entity.
Hire Veterans - If you are considering hiring some new employees between now and the end of the year, you might consider hiring a qualifying veteran so that you can qualify for the work opportunity tax credit (WOTC). The WOTC for hiring veterans in 2012 ranges from $2,400 to $9,600, depending on a variety of factors (such as the veteran’s period of unemployment and whether he or she has a service-connected disability).
Purchase Equipment - If you are in the market for new business equipment and machinery and you place them in service before year-end, you will qualify for the 50% bonus first-year depreciation allowance. Or, you can elect to expense up to $139,000 of the newly acquired items using the Sec 179 expensing allowance. The $139,000 expense limit is reduced by one dollar for every dollar in excess of the $560,000 annual investment limit.
Purchase an SUV for Business - If you are in the market for a business car, and your taste runs to large, heavy SUVs (those built on a truck chassis and rated at more than 6,000 pounds gross [loaded] vehicle weight), consider buying in 2012. Due to a combination of favorable depreciation and expensing rules, and depending on the percentage of business use, you may be able to write off most of the cost of the heavy SUV this year.